10-11* Intermediate English

November, 17
Unit 2.6 Vocabulary and Grammar

Task1 Complete the sentences (use the correct grammar form)
1 The officer was seriously….during the war, every move …him, his left hand was ….and the eyes…. (WOUND, HURT, HARM, SORE, PAIN, SHOT, INJURE)
2 This ….is so unique, that it’s hard to find it at the chemist’s, though the patient needs immediate ….and only this…can…the disease (TREAT,TREATMENT, MEDICINE, CURE)
3. Last week my….fell down and hurt his…/so, it got….and…when he walks. (UNCLE, ANKLE, SWOLLEN, GROWN, HURT, HEART)
4 When a person is not fine, he/she needs a thorough…, but in case of a serious… he/she needs to call an ambulance. (CONTAMINATION,INFECTION, EXAMINATION)

Task 2 Render into English
1.Зря вы не пришли. Надо было хотя бы позвонить.
2. Мы сожалеем, что потеряли его адрес. Надо было записать его в мобильник.
3. Я полностью с тобой согласен. Нужно было забронировать отель заранее.
4.Ситуация не улучшилась, зря вы не позвонили врачу.
5.Она так и не появилась (turn up)на вечеринке, забыла, должно быть.

Task3 Use the proper prepositions
1.Don’t eat the salad if you are allergic ….garlic/
2/this is the doctor who will operate…me/
3/you are always complaining…headaches when it comes to your English homework/ No more complaints… the class!
4/So sorry for the poor creature, it suffers …asthma/
5/don’t worry, the kids will cope…the case/
6/ Oh, my God! You are really addicted …painkillers.
7. the sponsors promised  promotion and aid…the unemployed.
8. This drug can lead … a heart attack. Take care!
9/ Let’s hope , he’ll soon recover… an injury/

10/ he asked to take his argument …consideration.
October 28
для 10 "б"- три  картинки на выбор и образец описания картинки

photo 1

 photo 2

So I've  chosen photo number 2. This photo was taken last summer when I and my father went to our favourite lake to do some fishing during the weekend. In the foreground of the picture we can see me and my dad smiling as we caught the biggest fish I have ever seen. Here I am wearing light clothes as the summer was extremely hot. In the background of the picture you can see an almost deserted beach as only local people know about this place. In this picture my father is sitting on his knee while I am standing behind him. We are holding the fish we have caught several minutes before. The sun is shining so brightly that my father is wearing sunglasses. I decided to keep this photo so that I could remember that amazing weekend and that great fishing experience. I know, you are choosing what to do on the forthcoming weekend, so, I decided to show you this picture. Maybe you will be inspired to do something like that. That is all I wanted to say .


October, 27
here is a picture for a personal opinion essay
....and a video to support the topical development

September 17

Dear friends, 10b formers!
Here are the keys to our class test on the phrasal LOOK:

LOOK after, back on, down on, for, forward to, into, on, out, over, to, up, up to
1. Many countries in the Balkans are looking to the EU for economic opportunities.
2. I don't know this word. I guess I'll have to look it up.
3. The police are looking into the attack on the policeman this morning.
4. I'm looking for the flashlight. Have you seen it anywhere?
5. When my mom's out I have to look after my younger brothers.
6. I'm really looking forward to our vacation this summer.
7. Look over the rental agreement before you sign it. We don't want any surprises.
8. Some people look up to politicians. Me, personally, I don't.
9. Look out ! That car just missed hitting you
10. A crowd looked on as two men fought outside the club.

dear friends, this is the video support how to read numbers.
watch and learn!

April 10

February 4

1. Personal letter


February 3d
Dear friends,
here are  the words to render and learn (our active vocabulary in module 6)
Module 6 Render into English :
Солнечная система, сломанная антенна (антенны), радио волны, устанавливать контакт, спутник луны, передавать сигнал, внеземная   цивилизация, инопланетянин (2), облететь вокруг солнца, разумная жизнь, в поисках разума, тень доказательства, человеческая раса, луч света через призму лазера.= 16 options

January 29

December, 15
(a video and a sample)

Задание для учащегося
C2.You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.

My parents say the way they lived in the past was more secure. However, I believe that young people are given a lot more life opportunities nowadays.

What is your opinion? Which way of life will be more satisfying for future generations?

Write 200–250 words.

Use the following plan:

− make an introduction (state the problem)
− express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
− express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion
− explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
− make a conclusion restating your position

Пример письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения («Ваше мнение»),выполненного учащимся и оцененного в 14 баллов
(3 – содержание, 3 –организация текста, 3 – лексика, 3 – грамматика, 2 – орфография и пунктуация)
A lot of people, especially of older age, claim that life in their youth was much quieter and they were more sure of tomorrow than young people nowadays. But there are many things I do appreciate today. Among them is a great variety of opportunities we have in life.
Firstly, the life has cardinally changed and at present young people, using Internet and traveling abroad, are more and more informed about the world and other cultures. Secondly, there is a wide choice of activities in which we can take part now, starting from leisure clubs up to political and volunteer programmes. Another thing to mention is a different range of job vacancies offered to young people to earn their own money. This gives us more independence from our family but, on the other hand, it teaches us to be responsible for decisions we make.
However, our society now faces some serious problems such as high crime rate, drug, game and smoking addictions, AIDS, poor environment, etc. They say the society was kinder, the tempo of life was slower. They were not afraid of unemployment. These are the reasons for the parents’ concern about our future. And though I share their worries, I would rather risk than have uneventful, monotonous, predictable life.
To sum up, I believe, modern life gives more opportunities and challenges to the youth. There is more freedom, life is more exciting. That is why I hold an opinion that the way of life of today is more satisfying.

So, these are the stories:
11A- an article about a curious bird
Would you think some­one was serious if they asked you about bird nest­ing during winter in our hinterland, where the snow is deep, the weather is stor­my, and the temperature sometimes drops lower than 40 below zero?
Yet this is the only time you would be likely to find the nest of the happy-go-lucky Gray Jay or the Whiskey-Jack as it is more often called. Before it used to be called the Canada Jay, for it is a true Canadian and never grum­bles about the weather, nor goes south to avoid it, but stays here and knows how to live with it and enjoy it.
It is difficult to find a rea­son for the unusual nesting behaviour of the Gray Jay. It is a bird of the lonely hunter’s, camp, and shortly after the sound of a rifle or axe, the inquisitive bird is on hand to see what can be had. So intent are they in carrying off as much as they can, they seem to have complete disregard for hu­mans, If the pickings are good they awkwardly at­tempt to carry an extra morsel in their feet to save time. One has to see this to believe it.

11B & C a story "University Days" (just the beginning)

I liked physics and chemistry when I was at the university, but I wasn’t very good at economics. There was another student, whose name was Jim Green, who was even worse. He was one of the star players on the football team, but he couldn’t continue to play if he didn’t pass all his examinations. That was very difficult, for though Jim used his big feet very well on the football field, he couldn’t make any goals in the classroom.
All his professors were very good to Jim and helped him. But especially good to him was our economics professor, a quiet little man whose name was Bassum. He always asked Green the simplest questions, but they didn’t seem easy to Jim. One day, when we were studying transport, Professor Bassum called onGreen. “Name one means of transport,” the professor said, but Green looked helpless. “Something that takes us from one place to another,” the professor explained. Green opened his mouth, but nothing came out of it. “Perhaps, Mr Green,” the professor continued, “you can name the means of transport that we use when we go on long trip.” It was very, very quiet in the room, but suddenly the professor made a strange sound: “Choo-choo-…” and his face became red. He looked at class hopefully. All of us agreed with professor Bassum that Jimmy Green must not fall behind, because the Chicago game, one of the most important of the season, was not far away.

Essential links!!!

схема оценивания

December 7
Choose a picture to describe in details (use the electronic scheme to time your speech)
Mind, if there are no actions, imagine some, to cover the option "What's going on?"

November 30
The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

November, 11
Here's a new sample how to speak on the picture, how to describe it in the correct way, with a good introduction and a proper conclusion
I’ve chosen photo number … 
(обязательно начинаем с этой фразы!)
As you know I like taking photos. It is my hobby and I can't miss an opportunity to make photo of an interesting event. Now I want to show you one of my best photos.Отвечаем на вопрос where and when the photo was taken
I took this photo during my holidays (travelling, two years ago) when I was in …. (
любой город или страну)Отвечаем на вопрос what/who is in the photo и what is happening (4-5 предложений)
In the foreground of the picture you can see… (
кого мы видим и что они делают)
You can’t see me because I’m taking the photo.
They are very happy because at last their dream came true (
если мы видим счастливые лица на фото)
In the background of the picture you can see… (
Можно также использовать конструкцию there is/are…)Отвечаем на вопрос why you keep the photo in your album
I keep this photo in my album because looking at this photo makes me go back in that time. Moreover, I used this photo for my school project (
название проекта в зависимости от темынапример My family, My travelling, My hobby и так далее)Отвечаем на вопрос why you decided to show the picture to your friend
I decided to show this photo to you because it carries pleasant memories.
That’s all I wanted to say. (Закончите Ваш ответ этой фразой)

I've chosen photo number 1.

As you know I like taking photos. It is my hobby and I can't miss an opportunity to make photo of an interesting event. Now I want to show you one of my best photos.
I took this photo two months ago when my parents and I went to Moscow to visit my elder brother’s family. Recently they have moved into a new flat and invited us to a house-warming party. This was one of the most exciting moments in my life.
In the foreground of the picture you can see my brother Maxim, his wife Julia and their daughter Anna. You can’t see me because I’m taking the photo. They are sitting on a comfortable white sofa in the living room. They are very happy because at last their dream came true. 
In the background of the picture there is a white bookcase with open shelves. I like their decision to furnish the room in white colour because it makes the room look wider. As my brother works as a journalist for a local newspaper you can see a lot of books and magazines on the shelves.
I keep this photo in my album because looking at this photo makes me go back in that time. Moreover, I used this photo for my school project called “My Family Tree”.
I decided to show this photo to you because it carries pleasant memories.
That’s all I wanted to say.

October 23d
dear 11th formers, 

your homework contains 2 options -a story to read (choose one of the two below), 
+ asking questions in writing (take two of the three pics)

Here are two stories for reading , mind the logical stress and try to avoid mispronouncing the compound words.

October 13

Dear friends, 
there are two pairs of pics to be compared: the picture in the right corner goes to the students of 11b & 11c-mind the feelings, emotions, body signs;

the pic in the left corner-that of the beasts-goes to 11a students-you pay attention to the surroundings, objects, atmosphere ... just seek for details to find the difference.
good luck to everybody!
love, NA

11 б и в!!!!для эссе клише смотрите ниже, по дате 25 сентября

September 27th
here's a model to follow, but not to copy from!

PS. а этот пример был списан многими как своя домашняя работа

September 25th
Here's the topic to discuss in your essays/ mind the options to cover, choose the words properly, keep the neutral style.
best wishes, NA

It is the government’s responsibility to protect the environment.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200250 words.
Use the following plan:
 make an introduction (state the problem)
 express your personal opinion and give 23 reasons for your opinion
 express an opposing opinion and give 12 reasons for this opposing opinion
 explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

 make a conclusion restating your position

Useful Language  
Introduction ( state the topic/ problem  ; you may ask a question or start with a quotation; state your opinion)
·   state the topic /problem
-Is too much emphasis placed on……?
- Nowadays, we are often told …… Every day…                           There is no doubt that……..
- Over the past few years,…….   Are you among those who……..?  Why has……become…?
-The British poet…once said that “….”
- There are various facts that support this opinion.
·   To express opinion
In my opinion………           I believe………. It seems to me……   The way I see it……..

     II.    Main Body (each paragraph should present a separate viewpoint supported by your reason, another  paragraph should present the opposing viewpoint)
·   To list points
-          In the first place…        First of all………          To start with…      To begin with…
-          Secondly…       Thirdly……           Finally………                Last but not least………
·   To add more points to the same topic
-          What is more…               Furthermore …….                     Moreover………       
-          In addition to this….                 Besides………                      Apart from this……….
·   To introduce  contrasting viewpoints
-          It is argued that……. People argue that……. Opponents of this view say ………
-          There are people who oppose………          Contrary to what most believe……….
·   To introduce examples
-  for example……… for instance… such as…….. in particular…………

    III.  Conclusion ( you restate your opinion using different words)
·   To conclude
-          to sum up…….. all in all ……….. all things considered….... on the whole……….
-           in conclusion ……… taking everything into account………/ as was previously stated
-          All in all, I still feel that the benefits of ……..outweigh the disadvantages.
September, 21st
обратите внимание. пожалуйста, данный текст  мы возьмём только в конце недели--числа 25-26, ваш домашний текст о Зоо- на главной странице!

A spacesuit is really three suits worn at the same time. The inner suit is made of fabric woven of plastic tubes and nylon thread. Water pumped through these tubes cools the spacesuit.
The next layer is a pressure suit. This garment prevents the astronaut’s blood from boiling when there is no air pressure. Air inflates the suit like a balloon. Special joints help the astronaut move in this stiff suit.
The outer suit repels tiny bits of flying rock. These particles might damage the pressure suit. The outer suit also protects the astronaut during the extreme temperatures of lunar days and nights.

Like a snail, an astronaut carries his or her home- in a spacesuit.

AND NOW.......some cheat sheets for 11B form to assist in class but...(not to be copied!!!)


September, 14
here are some tips for writing essays, make use of them.

September, 11
Here's an abstract for reading in the RNE format. 
First, study the story thoroughly, pick out the new words and phrases, learn to read them correctly, and only then, record the story (time limit is 1,5 minutes)

№ 2947.  
There is an established stereotype among foreigners that Russia is a country of eternal frost and snow-covered streets. This is all because for many years foreigners have been frightened by the phrase "Russian winter". But it's not all that simple, Russia is a vast country and the weather in different areas can be completely different. Russia consists of several continental zones. For example, in the north winters are long and harsh, in some places there is lots of snow and temperatures fall below -40 degrees Celsius . These winters are normal, not only in the northern regions of the country but even in the Far East. Summers in these areas don't even see three warm months out of the year.
The closer you get to the south the warmer the Russian climate gets. In the central part of the country summer becomes warm--even hot--which makes it possible for a good harvest of grain, fruit and vegetables. Winters here are not extremely cold and the average winter temperature does not fall below -15 degrees Celsius. By the way, in Russia the real warmth does not start until the middle of April. And only at the end of May does everything start to bloom and people go without their warm clothing.

September, 10 Reading Practice for the RNE

For 10A , Friday, 15 May

Task 1 Reading

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. Read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. 

There aren't many birds around in winter. Most have left your area. Those that stay are not as active. Activity uses energy that is needed to keep warm. The worst problems for birds in winter are getting enough heat and holding on to the heat once it is made. These are problems for all birds. But it is especially true for very small ones. They cannot find enough food. The weather stays so cold for so long that they cannot eat enough to keep alive. But birds have many ways of fighting the cold. 

You shiver to keep warm. The heat that you make is made mostly in your muscles. The muscles make more heat when they are active. So one way of keeping warm is to move about, use your muscles. Another way is to shiver. When your body needs heat, the muscles tighten and loosen quickly. They become active. Just as you shiver to keep warm, so do birds.

Task 2  Direct questions on the pictorial situation (Variants 1-2-3)

Var 1 

Var 2

Var 3

Task 3 Describe the picture, using the items as an outline of your story (one photo for all students. Please, remember, there are  no "You", it's NOT a selfie!)

ФГБОУ ВПО «Кемеровский государственный университет»

романо-германской филологии


2015 год объявлен годом литературы в России. Этому событию посвящено большое количество мероприятий: литературных вечеров, конкурсов и олимпиад. В рамках X (XLII) Международной научной конференции студентов и молодых ученых «Образование, наука, инновации – вклад молодых исследователей», проводимой 20-24 апреля 2015 года в Кемеровском государственном университете, факультет романо-германской филологии организует


Предлагаемая тематика исследовательских проектов:
ü    Книги, которые потрясли мир.
ü    Мой любимый литературный герой.
ü    От книги к фильму: сравнительный анализ литературного произведения и его экранизаций.
ü    От книги к Интернет-творчеству: фанфики, сиквелы-продолжения, пародии и т.п.
ü    Критический анализ прочитанного художественного произведения (мои размышления о книге).

К участию приглашаются учащиеся 10-11 классов общеобразовательных учреждений г.Кемерово и Кемеровской области.

Конкурс проводится в два этапа:
I тур конкурса (заочный):
- необходимо в срок до 05.04.2015 г. оформить заявку на участие с указанием Ф.И.О. учащегося и его руководителя, школы, адреса, телефона, e-mail, темы проекта (в имени файла укажите фамилию и инициалы автора: Петров ПП_заявка).
- прислать аннотацию выполненного проекта в электронном виде (в имени файла укажите фамилию и инициалы автора: Петров ПП_назв.проекта).

II тур конкурса (очный) состоит из 2 этапов:
Первый этап устная презентация своего проекта (не более 7 минут) на секционном заседании X (XLII) Международной научной конференции «Образование, наука, инновации – вклад молодых исследователей». Для презентации конкурсантам будет предоставлено мультимедийное оборудование.
Второй этап – декламация отрывка любого художественного произведения на английском языке, заранее подготовленного конкурсантом (оригинал отрывка объемом 300-350 слов должен быть предоставлен конкурсантом в печатном варианте (не менее 5 копий) для членов жюри и на слайдах для присутствующей аудитории).

Требования к оформлению аннотации и проектов:
Работа выполняется на английском языке. Объем аннотации не должен превышать 200 слов, шрифт Times New Roman, 14 кегль, межстрочный интервал 1,5. Поля: верхнее, нижнее – 2, левое – 3, правое – 1,5. Выравнивание текста по ширине. Красная строка – 1,25.

Критерии оценки исследовательских работ:
1.                    соответствие содержания проекта теме Конкурса;
2.                    глубина содержания и уровень раскрытия темы;
3.                    оригинальность идеи проекта;
4.                    собственный анализ произведения;
5.                    изложение материала (корректность и чёткость формулируемых положений, логичность и последовательность представления материала, фонетическое, лексико-грамматическое, синтаксическое и стилистическое оформление высказывания);
6.                    взаимодействие с аудиторией (умение отвечать на вопросы).

Присланные для участия в заочном этапе Конкурса аннотации и выступления на очном туре конкурса оцениваются экспертной группой из числа высококвалифицированных преподавателей факультета.

Заявки и проекты отправлять по адресам:
Ермолаева Елена Николаевна:
Рыбкина Анжела Константиновна:


25 февраля 2015

10А- текст для чтения- по регламенту-1,5 минуты звучания.
ВСЕ РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО СДАЧЕ УСТНОЙ ЧАСТИ СМОТРИТЕ НА СТРАНИЦЕ -WE SIT EXAMS------ там версия 2014 года и советы по удачной сдаче. посмотрите, это полезно!

Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.

As soon as spring brings a new growth of bushes and berries, bears start feeding. They eat and eat. All through the spring and summer their feeding goes on. The bears build themselves up. They store food and fats that they will need in the fall when they start their long sleep.As days grow shorter, and the temperature begins to fall, bears hunt for a sleeping place. It may be a shallow cave, or a deep crack between rocks. Some bears end up sleeping in hollow logs. Logs seem to be bears’ favourite places. Bears seem to choose small spaces. They can keep warmer in a cave that’s just large enough to hold them than in a larger cave. They often line their sleeping place with leaves and dried grass.All through their winter naps, bears will not eat. Often they will sleep for 7 months, moving only now and then.

Samples of speaking and writing (tasks on page 98)

Speaking task 1-page 98

I believe that public transport is very important in our everyday life because it is a convenient way to get to your destination. It is especially helpful for those who work in the city centres where taking a car is sometimes impossible. It is also very useful for teenagers since they do not have a driver’s license. It allows them to have some independence and not always rely on a parent or another adult to drive them around. While not always perfect, public transport is quite reliable. There are timetables which tell you when the means of transport run and since the same routes are followed, you have a rough idea of how long it will take to get to your destination. Many people have their own cars, and while it might be easier to use them in the evenings and at weekends, I believe that public transport is the best alternative for everyday life. It is less expensive to use public transport than pay for petrol and car maintenance. What is more, if more people used public transport our city streets would be less congested and there would be less pollution. So public transport is not only more economical, it also helps us protect our environment.

Writing task 1-page 98

Dear Sarah,
Thank you for your letter. At our college there is a Career’s Advisor, who helps us to decide which occupation to choose. I have made an appointment to see her next week. I am hoping that she can give me some advice about training to become an engineer. I would like to work at the aircraft factory that is in my town. My favourite subject at school was Science so I would teach that, but I think I would be a very bad teacher!

Why is your grandfather staying with you? Does he live a long way away? My grandparents live very near to me so I see them every day. How long is your grandfather  going to stay with you?
Best wishes,
November 15
 Here's the script of an interview-a job applicant and an interviewer:

Interviewer: Good morning, please take a seat. It’s Sarah Hodgkins, isn’t it?
Sarah: Yes, that’s right.
Interviewer: Is that H-O-D-G-K-I-N-S?
Sarah: Yes, it is.
Interviewer: … and how old are you, Miss Hodgkins?
Sarah: I’m 21, but I’ll be 22 in two weeks’ time.
Interviewer: Nearly 22. Ok, that’s fine. Now, you’re applying for the flight attendant training course, is
that right?
Sarah: The training course. Yes, that’s right.
Interviewer: OK. And what relevant experience do you have?
Sarah: Well, I haven’t worked in the tourist industry before, but I’ve got a lot of experience of working with people. I’ve been working as a hotel receptionist for the last two years.
Interviewer: Oh right! Well, I’m sure the skills you’ve acquired as a receptionist would be very useful for this job. So what other qualities do you have that would make you a good flight attendant?
Sarah: Well, I think I have very good common sense and communication skills. People say that I’m reliable too and I’m also a really good organiser. Yes, I’m really organised.
Interviewer: Well, it’s definitely important for a flight attendant to be organised. There can be a lot to do in a very short time on a flight! Now, if you are selected, you will have to complete a two-month training
course. When would you be available to start?
Sarah: Well, I have to give my current employer one month’s notice, so I would be available from about 1st April.
Interviewer: 1st April would be fine. Well, thank you for coming, Miss Hodgkins. You’ll receive a letter in about a week to let you know if you have been successful.

Sarah: Thank you very much. Goodbye.

November 7 

Герундий или инфинитив? / GERUND OR INFINITIVE?
The two groups of verbs below can be followed either by the gerund or by the infinitive. Usually this has no effect on the meaning, but with some verbs there is a clear difference in meaning. Verbs marked * can also be followed by a that-clause.
Ниже указаны две группы глаголов, после которых может стоять и герундий, и инфинитив.Обычно это совершенно не влияет на смысл, но для некоторых глаголов всё же чётко влияет.После глаголов, помеченных *, может также идти that-придаточное (придаточное в сложносочинённом предложении, начинающееся с that)
Example: to prefer      Пример: предпочитать
[Здесь смысл не меняется]
I prefer to live in an apartment.   Я предпочитаю жить в квартире
I prefer living in an apartment.   
Я предпочитаю проживаниие в квартире

 А. Verbs where there is little or no difference in meaning:
В . Глаголы, после которых употребление герундия или инфинитива (почти) не меняет смысла
allow        позволять
attempt     пытаться
begin        начинать
bother      беспокоить
cease        прекращать
continue    продолжать
deserve      заслуживать
fear*          бояться
hate*          ненавидеть
intend*       намереваться
like             любить (нравиться)
love            любить (кото-то)
neglect           пренебрегать
omit               опускать, пропускать
permit            позволять
prefer*           предпочитатть
recommend*   рекомендовать
start                начинать
Notes:    Прмечания:
1. Allow is used in these two patterns: 
1. Глагол  Allow (=позволять, допускать) используется в двух конструкциях :
a. Allow + object + to-infinitive:           
а. Allow + дополнение + to-инфинитив:
  • Her parents allowed her to go to the party.
  • Её родители разрешили ей пойти на вечеринку
b. Allow + gerund:
b.  Allow + герундий:
  • Her parents don't allow smoking in the house.
  • Её родители не разрешают её курить дома (= ....курение дома)
2. Deserve + gerund is not very common, but is mainly used with passive constructions or where there is a passive meaning:
2. Deserve = заслуживать, быть достойным чего-то. Конструкция Deserve +герундий встречается нечасто, в основном со страдательным (пассивным) залогом или в страдательном смысле:
  • Your proposals deserve being considered in detail.
  • Ваши предложения заслуживают подробного рассмотрения
  • These ideas deserve discussing. (= to be discussed).
  • Эти идеи заслуживают обсуждения (= того, чтобы их обсудили)
3. The verbs hate, love, like, prefer are usually followed by a gerund when the meaning isgeneral, and by a to-infinitive when they refer to a particular time or situation. You must always use the to-infinitive with the expressions 'would love to', 'would hate to', etc.

3. После глаголов hate (=ненавидеть) , love(=любить), like(=мне нравится) , prefer(=предпочитать) ставят герундий, если эти глаголы имеют общий смысл. Если же они относятся к конкретному времени и месту, то после них ставят to-инфинитив.   После  выражениий 'would love to' (= очень хотел бы...), 'would hate to' (= совершенно не хотел бы...) всегда используйте только инфинитив
Compare:   Сравните:
  • I hate to tell you, but Uncle Jim is coming this weekend.
  • Очень не хочется говорить тебе об этом, но на выходные к нам приезжает дядя Джим
  • I hate looking after elderly relatives!
  • Очень не люблю ухаживать за престарелыми родственниками
  • I love dancing.
  • Я люблю танцевать
  • I would love to dance with you.
  • Я хотел бы (с)танцевать с вами
  B. Verbs where there is a clear difference in meaning:
Глаголы , после которых употребление инфинитива и герундия даёт разный смысл

Verbs marked with an asterisk* can also be followed by a that-clause.
Напомним, что после глаголов, помеченных *, может также идти that-придаточное (придаточное в сложносочинённом предложении, начинающееся с that)

come        приходить
forget*     забывать
go on       продолжать(ся)
mean*           означать, иметь в виду
regret*           сожалеть
remember*     помнить
stop    останавливать(ся)
try       пытаться

Come:    Глагол "приходить":
Come + gerund is like other verbs of movement followed by the gerund, and means that the subject is doing something as they move:
Конструкция Come + герундий (вообще 'глагол движения' + герундий) указывает на то, что человек (подлежащее) делает что-то во время движения:
  • She came running across the field.
  • Она (по)бежала по полю
Come + to-infinitive means that something happens or develops, perhaps outside the subject's control:
Конструкция Come + to-инфинитив указывает на нечто происходящее, разворачивающееся - возможно, без всякого влияния человека (подлежащего)
  • At first I thought he was crazy, but I've come to appreciate his sense of humour.
  • Поначалу я принял его за сумасшедшего, но (со временем) стал понимать и ценить его чувство юмора
  • How did you come to be outside the wrong house?
  • Как же ты оказался перед не тем домом (,что тебе нужен)
  • This word has come to mean something quite different.
  • Это слово стало означать нечто совершенно другое

Forget, regret and remember:         Глаголы "забыть, сожалеть и помнить"
When these verbs are followed by a gerund, the gerund refers to an action that happened earlier:
Если после них стоит герундий, он означает действие, которое совершилось в прошлом (раньше разговора):
  • I remember locking the door (= I remember now, I locked the door earlier)
  • Я помню, что запирал дверь (= Помню сейчас, что запирал ранее)
  • He regretted speaking so rudely. (= he regretted at some time in the past, he had spoken rudely at some earlier time in the past.)
  • Он жалел, (вспоминая) что так грубо говорил (= жалел, что ранее грубо говрил)
Forget is frequently used with 'never' in the simple future form:
Forget(=забывать) часто используется с 'never'(=никогда) в форме простого будущего времени:
Глагол Forget (=забывать) часто используется с наречием 'never' (=никогда) в простом будущем времени
  • I'll never forget meeting my boss for the first time.
  • Никогда не забуду свою первую встречу с боссом
When these verbs are followed by a to-infinitivethe infinitive refers to an action happening at the same time, or later:
Когда после этих глаголов идёт to-инфинитив, то он означает  одновременное или более позднее действие:
  • I remembered to lock the door (= I thought about it, then I did it.)
  • Я не забыл закрять дверь (= Я подумал , что нужно закрыть дверь, а потом закрыл)
  • Don't forget to buy some eggs! (= Please think about it and then do it.)
  • Не забудь купить яиц! (=Пожалуйста, вспомни об этом и потом купи)
  • We regret to announce the late arrival of the 12.45 from Paddington. (= We feel sorry before we tell you this bad news.)
  • С сожалением объявляем, что поезд отбытием 12.45 из Пэддингтона прибыл с опозданием (=Сначала сожалеем, а потом сообщаем плохую новость)

Go on:        Продолжать:
Go on + gerund means to continue with an action:
Go on +герундий означает продолжение действия:
  • He went on speaking for two hours.
  • Он продолжал говорить в течение двух часов
  • I can't go on working like this - I'm exhausted.
  • Я не могу продолжать работу в таком темпе - я очень устал
Go on + to-infinitive means to do the next action, which is often the next stage in a process:
Go on + to-инфинитив означает переход к следующему действию, часто к новой стадии процесса:
  • After introducing her proposal, she went on to explain the benefits for the company.
  • Внеся своё предложение, она затем объяснила его выгоды для компании
  • John Smith worked in local government for five years, then went on to become a Member of Parliament.
  • Джон Смит пять лет проработал в местных органах власти, а затем стал членом парламента

Mean:        означать (в результате) ,   иметь в виду (намереваться)  :
Mean + gerund expresses what the result of an action will be, or what will be necessary:
Mean + герундий говорит, каков будет результат действия или что нужно будет сделать:
  • If you take that job in London it will mean travelling for two hours every day.
  • Если ты поступишь на эту работу в Лондоне, то придётся ездить по два часа в день
  • We could take the ferry to France, but that will mean spending a night in a hotel.
  • Мы могли бы уплыть во Францию на пароме, но тогда пришлось бы ночевать в отеле
Mean + to-infinitive expresses an intention or a plan:
Mean + to-инфинитив выражает намерение или план:
  • Did you mean to dial this number?
  • Ты (специально) хотел набрать этот номер?
  • I mean to finish this job by the end of the week!
  • Я хочу (=намерен) закончить эту работу к концу недели!
  • Sorry - I didn't mean to hurt you.
  • Извините - я не хотел причинить вам боль

Stop:         прекратить (что-то делать),  временно прервать(ся) :
Stop + gerund means to finish an action in progress:
Stop + герундий означает закончить идущее сейчас действие или процесс:
  • I stopped working for them because the wages were so low.
  • Я бросил работу у них потому, что заработок был очень маленький
    Stop tickling me!
  • Прекрати меня щекотать!
Stop + to-infinitive means to interrupt an activity in order to do something else, so the infinitive is used to express a purpose:
Stop + to-инфинитив означает (временно) прервать что-то, чтобы сделать что-то другое. То есть инфинитив выражает цель "прерывания":
  • I stopped to have lunch. (= I was working, or travelling, and I interrupted what I was doing in order to eat.)
  • Я прекратил (работать), чтобы пообедать (= Я работал/ехал, но остановился, чтобы поесть)
  • It's difficult to concentrate on what you are doing if you have to stop to answer the phone every five minutes.
  • Трудно сосредоточиться на том, что делаешь, если каждые пять минут приходится прерываться и отвечать на телефон

Try:  пробовать, пытаться
Try + gerund means to experiment with an action that might be a solution to your problem.
Try +герундий означает"экспериментальное" действие  (попытку) с целью найти решение проблемы/задачи
  • If you have problems sleeping, you could try doing some yoga before you go to bed, or you could try drinking some warm milk.
  • Если у вас проблемы со сном, можете попытаться позаниматься перед сном йогой или выпить тёплого молока
  • 'I can't get in touch with Carl.' 'Have you tried e-mailing him?'
  • "Я не могу связаться с Карлом".   "А ты пробовал послать ему e-mail?"
Try + to-infinitive means to make an effort to do something. It may be something very difficult or even impossible:
Try + to-инфинитив значит прилагать усилия сделать что-то. Возможно, что-то очень трудное или невозможное:
  • The surgeons tried to save his life but he died on the operating table.
  • Хирурги пытались спасти его жизнь, но он умер на операционном столе
  • We'll try to phone at 6 o'clock, but it might be hard to find a public telephone.
  • Мы попытаемся позвонить в 6 часов, если найдём телефон-автомат (можем и не найти)
  • People have to try to live together in harmony.
  • Люди должны стараться (=прилагать усилия, чтобы) жить друг с другом в ладу (в гармонии)


Dear friends, here are the long-expected pics of our joint class "Entertainers"
watch and keep a good memory of our first successful try.

25 September 2014
 watch these videos on irregular verbs,
and the pics on adjectives to follow them:

25 September 2014

September 16
dear students, here is a copy from SPOTLIGHT WORKBOOK X
do your work thoroughly. if you doubt, look the words up in the dictionary, use the Internet resources , just like MULTITRAN, GOOGLE TRANSLATOR, MACMILLAN DICTIONARY.
and! if you notice the sign     , 
click on it and you'll hear the sound.
go ahead!
best wishes!


before we get acquainted "face-to-face" or "heart-to-heart",  let's agree upon our common goal and perspectives
Best wishes, NA

11 April 2014 the basic stories on ecological issues to support  the creative writing.

17 March 2014
10 tips to reach success (the promised video)

February 28-the last winter day in a year! Spring is here!!!


Устойчивые сочетания с глаголом MAKE, которые необходимо знать каждому.

make  the bed – заправлять постель
make a bargain – заключить сделку, соглашение, договориться
make a bet – поспорить
make a cake – печь торт
make a call – наносить визит
make a change – внести изменения
make a choice – делать выбор
make a claim – заявлять претензию, претендовать
make a comment - прокомментировать
make progress – делать успехи
make a difference – иметь большое влияние
make a complaint – подавать жалобу, жаловаться
make a contribution – сделать пожертвование, вносить вклад
make a criticizm – раскритиковать, высказать критику
make a decision – принять решение
make a deduction – вычитать, сократить
make a discovery – совершить открытие
make a fortune – становиться богатым, сделать состояние
make a fuss – создавать шумиху, суету
make a guess – делать догадку
make a loss – наносить убытки
make an apology – приносить извинения
make war – вести войну, воевать
make a noise – шуметь, издавать звуки
make a mess – провалить дело, испортить
make fun of someone – подшучивать, смеяться над кем-то
make a mistake – совершить ошибку
make a profit – получать прибыль
make a move – отправляться, тронуться с места, сделать первый шаг
make a name for – становиться известным
make a phone call – совершать телефонный звонок
make a point – доказать, изложить свою точку зрения, высказать мысль
make a profit – получать прибыль
make a promise – обещать, давать обещание
make a proposal – выдвигать предложение
make a record – записывать, вести записи
make a reference – ссылаться на
make a remark – делать замечание
make a report – отчитываться, делать отчет
make a request – обращаться с просьбой, просить
make a speech –выступать с речью
make a start – начинать, отправляться
make a success of – делать успехи, преуспевать
make a trip – съездить, совершить поездку
make a will – составить завещание
make a wish – загадать желание
make an accusation – обвинять кого-либо
make an agreement – заключать соглашение
make an application – подавать заявку
make an attempt – делать попытку
make an effort – прилагать усилия
make an escape – сбежать, скрыться
make an excuse – извиняться, придумывать отговорки
make an inquiry – наводить справки, расследовать
make an offer – сделать предложение
make believe – делать вид, притворяться, воображать себя
make demands – предъявлять требования
make friends – подружиться с кем-либо
make history – творить историю
make money – зарабатывать деньги, разбогатеть
make one’s day – сделать кого-либо счастливым, избавить от скуки
make peace – заключать мир, мириться
make plans – строить планы
make room – освободить место для чего-либо
make trouble – шалить, устраивать беспорядки
make rules – устанавливать правила
make sense of – понять, разобраться
make sure – убеждаться в чем-либо
make use of – воспользоваться, применить
make way – дать дорогу, уступить дорогу

Как высказывать свою точку зрения на английском.

Английский язык богат выражениями, но почему-то нам особенно полюбилось только одно: I think. Или в лучшем случае: In my opinion.
В этой статье мы предлагаем вам большой выбор выражений и фраз, которые помогут вам выражать собственное мнение и говорить о разных точках зрения. Эти выражения полезны для всех, кто готовится к разговорной и письменной части международных экзаменов. Они незаменимы для переговоров и важны для повседневного общения.
Прежде всего, хочется уделить внимание слову view (точка зрения, мнение, взгляд). Есть очень много выражений и словосочетаний со словом view, которые обязательно вам пригодятся:
a clear point of view – четкая точка зрения
a contrary point of view – противоположная точка зрения
a different point of view –другая точка зрения
a general point of view – общая точка зрения
a one-sided point of view – однобокая точка зрения
a reasonable point of view – рациональная точка зрения
a similar point of view – схожая точка зрения
an opposite point of view – противоположная точка зрения
to defend a point of view – защищать точку зрения
to explain a point of view – объяснять точку зрения
to express a point of view – высказывать точку зрения
to form a clear view of the situation – уяснить ситуацию
to hold extreme views in politics – придерживаться крайних взглядов в политике
to maintain a point of view – придерживаться точки зрения
to make clear your point of view – прояснять точку зрения
to present a point of view – высказывать свое мнение
to put forward a point of view – выражать свое мнение
to share a point of view – разделять точку зрения
to voice a point of view – высказать мнение
In my view ... – На мой взгляд ...
I hold the view that ... – Я придерживаюсь мнения, что ...
From my point of view, ... – С моей точки зрения ...
I have no view on this problem. – У меня нет мнения по этому вопросу.
I want to make my point of view clear ... – Я хочу выразить свою точку зрения.
My point of view is quite different from yours. – Моя точка зрения отличается от вашей.
Our points of view are very similar. – Наши точки зрения очень похожи.
Our points of view are identical. – Наши точки зрения идентичные.
I want to justify my point of view. – Я хочу оправдать свою точку зрения.
I am not insisting that you accept my point of view. – Я не настаиваю на том, чтобы вы приняли мою точку зрения.
I share your point of view. – Я разделяю вашу точку зрения.

Еще одно важное слово для высказывания точки зрения: opinion (взгляд, мнение, убеждение):
a considered opinion – обоснованное, твёрдое мнение
a frank opinion – честное мнение
a honest opinion – откровенное мнение
a prevailing opinion –  преобладающее мнение
a prevalent opinion – преобладающее мнение
a public opinion – общественное мнение
a strong opinion – глубокое убеждение
an  opposing opinion – противоположное мнение
an opinion about / on –  мнение по поводу чего-л.
conflicting opinions – противоречивые мнения
to act up to one's opinions – действовать согласно своим убеждениям
to air an opinion – выразить мнение
to be of opinion that — полагать, что
to express an opinion – высказать мнение
 to form an opinion about – составить мнение о
to hand down an opinion – официально объявлять точку зрения
to have a high opinion of –  быть  высокого мнения о
to have a low opinion of –  быть низкого, плохого мнения о
to have no opinion of – не иметь мнения о
to have no settled opinions – не иметь определённых взглядов
to hold an opinion –  иметь мнение
to mold opinion – формировать мнение
to state an opinion – высказать мнение
to voice an opinion — выразить мнение
I am of the opinion that ... – Я придерживаюсь того мнения, что ...
In my opinion, ... По-моему ...
I hold the opinion that ...  – Я придерживаюсь того мнения, что ...

Для выражения мнения может использоваться слово impression (представление, понятие, мнение):
a false impression – ошибочное мнение
a wrong impression – ошибочное мнение
an inaccurate impression – неправильное мнение
to be under the impression that – быть под впечатлением, что
to have an impression that – иметь мнение, что
My impression is that ... – Мое мнение таково, что ...             

Еще несколько полезных выражений, которые помогут вам высказывать свою точку зрения:
As far as I am concerned, ... – Насколько мне известно ...    
I am sure that ... – Я уверен,что ...
I am certain that ...  – Я уверен, что ...              
I bet that ... – Готов поспорить, что ...                             
I dare say that ... – Осмелюсь сказать, что ...
I guess that ... –  Я предполагаю, что ...                   
I have no doubt that ... – Я не сомневаюсь, что ...                  
I have the feeling that ... – У меня такое чувство, что ...       
I identify with you. – Я разделяю ваши взгляды.
I consider that ... – Я считаю, что ...
I believe that ... – Я думаю, что ...
I suppose that ... – Я предполагаю, что ...
I presume that ... – Я полагаю, что ...
I assume that ... – Я предполагаю, что ...
I will stand my ground. – Я буду стоять на своем.
I would say that ... – Я бы сказал, что ...
In my eyes, ... – На мой взгляд ...
It goes without saying that ... – Само собой разумеется ...        
It seems to me that ... – Мне кажется, что ...
My belief is that ... – Я убежден, что ...
My conviction is that ... – Я убежден, что ...
Speaking personally, ... – Честно говоря, ...
To my mind, ... – По моему мнению ...
I am under the impression that ... – У меня складывается впечатление, что...
It is my impression that ... – У меня такое впечатление, что ...


November 16-17 Happy Weekend! 

Welcome, here is some stuff for  the STARLIGHT COURSE Learners

Sport                      ACTIONS
Глагол play используется с названиями командных видов спорта, игр, когда итогом соревнования является победа одного участника или команды над другим, а не результат:
Go сочетается с герундиями (глагол с окончанием -ing) и используется, если речь идет о хобби и занятиях для поддержания формы:
Возможно также сказать: go to aerobics/ gymnastics/ judo/ karate - это обозначает, что вы посещаете регулярные занятия, тренировки по этим видам спорта.
I go to gymnastics twice a week. – Я хожу на гимнастику дважды в неделю.

Если речь идет о серьезных тренировках, то возможно употребить глагол practise, который обозначает«отрабатывать», повторять один элемент много раз, с целью довести его до совершенства»practise a hook – тренировать удар, practise a lateral pass – отрабатывать боковую передачу
Нельзя использовать глагол make с названиями видов спорта и со словом sport: только do/play sport. Со словом games сочетается только глагол playplay games Со словом activities сочетается только слово dodo activities
Оба слова обозначают «судья», но в разных видах спорта:
Umpire cледит за соблюдением правил в теннисе, бейсболе и крикете, а 
referee  в футболе и многих других командных видах спорта.
Spectators/ viewers/ onlookers/witnesses/audience
За спортивными событиями на стадионе наблюдают зрители, фанаты, и для их обозначения есть словоspectators – это зрители шоу, спортивных соревнований, матчей, других массовых мероприятий.
Thousands of spectators cheered the teams loudly. – Тысячи зрителей громко привествовали команды.

Viewers – люди, наблюдающие за событием (спортивным или массовым) по телевидению.
Viewers were dissatisfied with the commentator’s remarks during the match. -  Телезрители были недовольны замечаниям комментатора во время матча.

Оnlooker – синоним слова wittness, то есть свидетель (происшествия, аварии и т.п.), который присутствовал на месте событий и видел все своими глазами, зевака.
Some onlookers were watching the fight. – Несколько зевак наблюдали за дракой.

Audience – публика, присутствующая в театре или на концерте.
The audience broke into loud applause after the end of the concert. - Публика громко зааплодировала после завершения концерта.

Athlete – человек, который тренируется серьезно, имеет хорошую спортивную подготовку и принимает участие в соревнованиях.
To be a professional athlete you have to work hard. – Чтобы быть профессиональным спортсменом, тебе нужно много тренироваться.

Sportsperson (sportsman or sportswoman) – человек, увлекающийся и занимающийся спортом.
A lot of sportspeople come here every weekend to train.- Много спортсменов приходят сюда тренироваться каждые выходные.

Competitor – участник соревнования. Участников может быть много и они соревнуются все между собой.
Over 1000 competitors took part in the annual marathon. – Более 1000 участников приняли участите в марафоне.

Opponent – противник, конкурент, оппонент.
The chances of his winning were little because his opponent was stronger. – У него были небольшие шансы на победу, так как его противник был сильнее.

November, 14 Thursday.

to, the students studying the Spotlight course. Here is a short document to teach you a detective special vocabulary 

and a video on terms Crimes and Criminals

**********«Получение информации».

Любите детективные истории? Сегодня мы познакомим вас с фразовыми глаголами, которые обозначают различные способы получения и нахождения информации. С этими глаголами легко работать, так как все они имеют одинаковый предлог: OUT

.Worm out – выведывать, выпытывать информацию, допытываться
The detective managed to worm the evidence out of the witness. – Детективу удалось выведать информацию у свидетелей.I understood that she was trying to worm out the details out of me. – Я понял, что она пыталась выпытать у меня подробности.

Find out – узнать, разузнать, выяснить, понять,  раскрыть обман или тайну, обнаружить
It might be difficult to find out the truth. – Раскрыть правду может быть сложно.He will by all means find out who is guilty. – Он любыми способами выяснит, кто виноват.Figure out  - понимать, постигать, разгадывать, догадываться, разбираться
Looking at the evidence we figured out what happened. – Осматривая улики, мы поняли, что произошло.It took him several hours to figure out how the device worked . – Чтобы разобраться, как работает прибор, ему понадобилось несколько часов.

Suss out – «раскусить», раскрыть, выяснить
He didn’t want to tell what happened but we sussed him out. – Он не хотел рассказывать, что произошло, но мы его раскусили.As a result of investigation the whole picture was sussed out. – В результате расследования, была раскрыта полная картина.Sound out – допрашивать, расспрашивать, выяснять чье-то мнение
The police will sound you out but you must refuse to utter a word. – Полиция будет тебя допрашивать, но ты не должен хранить молчание.I sounded her out and she revealed everything . – Я расспросил ее и она рассказала все.

Puzzle out – разобраться, разгадать, найти решение, понять
We could not puzzle out why he came. – Мы не могли понять, зачем она пришла.He had to puzzle out this mystery. – Ему предстояло разгадать эту загадку.

Check out – получать больше информации, проверять, подтверждаться, оправдываться в результате изучения
This information has to be checked out. – Эта информация должна быть проверена.We can't be sure until you check all the facts out. – Мы не можем быть уверены, пока мы не подтвердим все факты.

Fathom out – выяснять, устанавливать, убеждаться, удостоверяться, делать вывод
We took everything into account and fathomed out the cause of fire. – Приняв все во внимание, мы установили причину пожара.He was  very strange that day but I fathomed out his plan. – Он был очень странным в тот день, но я понял его план.***************************************************************

November 1st

Here is the address to watch the Power Point Presentation "DO-Make" to support our academic classes

Hello, everybody, enjoying a nice evening?

It's not a waste of time to learn some English verbs, do and make, for instance. here we go!

30 September 2013

welcome to  learn the lexical boxes from ENGINFORM www site- the set phrases on the topics "FAMILY" and "EDUCATION"

Фразовые глаголы по теме «Family».
To grow up – взрослеть, становиться старше, расти.
Этот фразовый глагол может использоваться только в активном залоге (в отличие от bring up, например), потому что взрослеем мы самостоятельно.
My sister’s children grow up so quickly. – Дети моей сестры растут так быстро.
When will you grow up? You behave like a child! – Когда ты повзрослеешь? Ты ведешь себя, как ребенок!
To look up to someone – уважать кого-либо, восхищаться, ценить, быть высокого мнения о ком-либо.
Children should look up to their parents. – Дети должны восхищаться своими родителями.
His son looks up to him and never misbehaves. – Его сын уважает его и всегда слушается.
To bring someone up – растить детей, воспитывать, ставить на ноги ребенка. Bring up может употребляться в пассивном залоге: be brought up.
От этого фразового глагола происходит существительное upbringing - воспитание.
I was brought up in a big family. – Я воспитывался в большой семье.
I know how to bring up my own children. – Я знаю, как воспитывать моих собственных детей.
They received a very strict upbringing.- Они получили очень строгое воспитание.
To take after someone – унаследовать (черты характера, внешность, поведение). Если вы хотите уточнить, что именно вы унаследовали, используйте предлог in.
She takes after her mother in character. They both are very kind and warmhearted. – Она характером в свою мать. Они обе очень добрые и сердечные.
You are so impatient and impolite! You take after your father in behaviour. – Ты такой нетерпеливый и невежливый! Ты унаследовал от своего отца такое поведение.
To get on with someone – ладить, быть в хороших отношениях с кем-либо. Можно дополнить фразовый глагол словом well: get on well with someone. Существует идиома: get on like a house on fire, которая имеет значение: ладить, жить душа в душу.
I get on well with all my relatives. – Я в хороших отношениях со всеми моими родственниками.
The two brothers cant get on with each other, they fight all the time. –  Два брата не могут поладить друг с другом, они все время дерутся.
To tell someone off – отчитывать, ругать, читать морали.
Yesterday mother told me off for coming home late. – Вчера мама отчитала меня, за то, что я пришла поздно домой.
The Japanese never tell their children off. They let them do what they wish. – Японцы никогда не ругают своих детей. Они позволяют им делать все, что те пожелают.
To fall out with someone – ссориться, ругаться, не соглашаться с кем-либо.
She doesn’t get on well with her in-laws. They fall out all the time about the household. – Она не очень ладит с родственниками мужа. Они все время ссорятся по поводу домашнего хозяйства.
I fall out with my father very often because he is always trying to control everything that I do. – Я часто ругаюсь с отцом, потому что он постоянно пытается контролировать все, что я делаю.
To look after someone – заботиться, ухаживать за кем-либо, присматривать.
We must look after our elderly relatives. – Мы должны ухаживать за своими старенькими родственниками.
I will ask my sister to look after the children while I will be at work. –Я попрошу мою сестру присмотреть за детьми, пока я буду на работе.
To get together – собираться всем вместе.
When I was a child my family used to get together by the fireplace. This is the warmest memory of my childhood. – Когда я был маленький, моя семья собиралась у камина. Это самое теплое воспоминание моего детства.
The members of my family get together only on rare occasions. – Члены моей семьи собираются вместе в редких случаях.

Фразовые глаголы по теме «Обучение»
Сегодня вас ждет очередная порция фразовых глаголов. Мы подобрали для вас глаголы, которые относятся к очень актуальной для многих теме: «Обучение». Все эти глаголы часто встречаются не только в контексте обучения, но и в других ситуациях.
Fall behind with somebody – отставать от кого-либо по уровню, темпам, срокам (not to not make progress or move forward as fast as other people).
He missed two weeks from school and as a result fell behind with the group. – Он пропустил две недели занятий и, следовательно, отстал от группы.
You shouldn't fall behind with the next payment. – Вы не должны задержать следующую выплату.
Keep up with someone/something – быть, оставаться на одном уровне с кем-то (to remain the same standard or position as someone else).
There is no use trying to keep up with your group mates. – Бесполезно стараться быть не хуже одногруппников.
It can be difficult to keep up with the group if you don’t do the home task. – Может быть сложно быть на одном уровне с группой, если вы не делаете домашнее задание.

To catch up with someone/something – догонять по уровню, результатам (to reach the same standard or position as someone else).
You have to catch up with your class or you'll fail the test. – Тебе придется догонять класс, иначе ты провалишь тест.
We fall behind with the plan and now we are trying to catch up with it.  -  Мы пытаемся догнать план, от которого мы отстали.
Put something off  - откладывать что-то на потом, переносить на позднюю дату (to postpone, to decide to do something at a later date).
They put the consultation off so you can ask your questions next week. – Консультацию перенесли, так что вы сможете задать свои вопросы на следующей неделе.
The match will be put off because of the bad weather. – Матч будет перенесен из-за плохой погоды.
To scrape through (something) – с трудом сдать (экзамен, тест) (to pass an exam but with a very low grade).
He didn’t attend the lessons at all so we were surprised when he scraped through the exams. – Он совсем не посещал занятий, поэтому мы очень удивились когда он с трудом, но сдал экзамен.

Mary is terrible at Math but she scrapped through the test. – Мери совсем не разбирается в математике, но еле сдала тест.

To get through something – сдать экзамен или тест (to pass an exam or test).
All our group got through the exams. – Вся наша группа сдала экзамены.
If you work hard during the semester you’ll have no difficulty with getting through the exams. – Если вы усердно работаете  в течение семестра, то у вас не возникнет проблем со сдачей экзаменов.

Get down to – приступить, заняться чем-либо (start work on something).
It’s time to get down to revision. – Самое время приниматься за повторение.
When are you going to get down to your presentation? – Когда ты собираешься заняться своей презентацией?
To go through something – проверить, просмотреть (to check that something is correct, to examine something).
Don’t forget to go through your work before handing it in. – Не забудь проверить свою работу перед сдачей.
The teacher went through the plan and approved it. – Учитель просмотрел план и одобрил его.

To take (write) something down – записывать, конспектировать, помечать (to record in writing what someone is saying).
The listeners were taking down everything what the lecturer was saying. – Слушатели записывали все, что говорил лектор.
 You should write down the new English words. – Ты должен записывать все новые английские слова.

 28 September 2013

Dear Friends, today I'd like to share a nice video episode about the famous Scottish terrier dog- Bobby by name. his tiny heart and witty brains made people of different ages and occupations experience true tenderness, sincerity and grace. Once in Edinburgh, you can't miss the most visited sight-a monument to Bobby, the most devoted, loyal, sincere dog ever known.Watch and enjoy it!

 17 September 2013

Here is the article from a newly-discovered site - ENGLINFORM -it comes just in hand with our actual vocabulary- confusing words (mutter, murmer, mumble, whisper, etc.) Enjoy learning English:

Нам бывает трудно различить, о чем говорит человек, если он говорит намеренно неразборчиво, если он говорит слишком тихо, если ему сложно разговаривать и по многим другим причинам. Чтобы описать каждую их этих манер разговора, существует отдельный глагол. Эта статья посвящена разнице между глаголами, которые характеризуют невнятную, трудноразличимую речь:
Mumble ['mʌmbl] – бурчать, бормотать, так, чтобы окружающие не расслышали, что вы сказали. Mumble – говорить намеренно тихо или неразборчиво. Mumble – это бормотать во сне, «бубнить себе под нос».
The child mumbled in his sleep. – Ребенок бормотал во сне.
I mumbled counting the money. – Я бормотал, пересчитывая деньги.
The old man mumbled something and let us in. – Старик что-то пробормотал и впустил нас.
Mutter ['mʌtə]– тоже бубнить, бормотать себе под нос, говорить тихо,  но с оттенком недовольства, раздражения; бурчать с недовольством.
‘What   terrible weather,’ he muttered opening his umbrella. –« Какая ужасная погода», недовольно пробормотал он, открывая зонт.
The old woman muttered something entering the overcrowded bus. – Старушка недовольно пробурчала что-то, входя в переполненный автобус.
Our teacher would mutter some words when we were not prepared for his lessons. – Наш учитель раздраженно бормотал какие-то слова, когда мы не были готовы к уроку.
Talk under one's breath – бубнеть, говорить себе под нос
How can I hear you? You are talking under your breath! – Как я могу услышать, что ты говоришь? Ты же говоришь себе под нос!
He is a bit strange. He is always talking under his breath. – Он немного странный. Он постоянно бубнит что-то себе под нос.
Speak in an undertone  и  speak hushfully – говорить приглушенно, вполголоса
He spoke in an undertone, he didn't want the others to hear us. – Он говорил вполголоса, он не хотел, чтобы остальные нас услышали.
We didn’t want to wake the  child so we spoke hushfully. – Мы не хотели разбудить ребенка, поэтому разговаривали приглушенно.
Whisper ['wɪspə]– говорить шепотом, шептать, шушукаться
The girls were whispering about the boys. – Девочки шушукались о мальчиках.
He whispered something but I couldn’t hear what. – Он что-то прошептал мне, но я не услышала, что именно.
Murmur ['mɜːmə] – синоним whisper: говорить шепотом. Еще одно значение: ворчать, роптать, тихо, невнятно выражать недовольство. Существует устойчивое выражение: without a murmur –  безропотно, без возражений.
The staff were murmuring about the new policy. – Персонал выражает недовольство по поводу новых правил.
Why don’t you voice your dissatisfaction instead if murmuring? – Почему бы тебе не высказать свои недовольство, вместо того, чтобы роптать?
They will accept our ideas without a murmur. – Они примут наши идеи безропотно.
Hiss [hɪs] – сердить шептать, говорить сдавленный голосом, шипеть в знак раздражения:
She hissed something to show her irritation. – Она прошипела что-то в знак раздражения.
The gossips were hissing about something in the corner. – Сплетницы сердито перешептывались о чем-то в углу.
Stutter ['stʌtə] – заикаться, запинаться.
He stuttered something about the accident but we didn’t understand a word. – Он,заикаясь, сказал что-то о происшествии, но мы ничего не поняли.
Stammer ['stæmə]– заикаться, запинаться, произносить с остановкой в результате расстройства речи (в  результате испуга).
The child was so frightened that he began to stammer.  – Ребенок был настолько напуган, что он начал заикаться.
Although she stammered he was a good public speaker. – Не смотря на то, что она заикалась, она была хорошим оратором.
Stumble ['stʌmbl] - запинаться, говорить сбивчиво, с паузами, делать ошибки в речи.
Don’t stumble during your speaking exam. – Не запинайся на устном экзамене.
When you panic you stumble and I can't understand what you are saying. – Когда ты паникуешь, ты начинаешь говорить сбивчиво и я не понимаю, что ты говоришь.

   ***********************16, September, 2013

dear friends,
 here is a list of idioms to support the academic classes on BODY LANGUAGE

* get cold feet = to suddenly become too frightened to do something you had planned to do, especially something important like getting married.
to pull someone’s leg = Fig. to kid, fool, or trick someone; to tell someone something that is not true as a way of joking with them (usually in continuous tenses)
* to have green fingers  (British & Australianalso have a green thumb (American) = to be good at keeping plants healthy and making them grow
* to be up to your neck (in something) - deeply involved; “neck-deep in work”; “up to their necks in debt”
see eye to eye (about someone or something) (with someone) and see eye to eye (on someone or something) (with someone)  =  Fig. [for someone] to agree
about someone or something with someone else

P.S. ther is also a new P.P.Presentation to master your English in WORD BUILDING (Derivatives- verbs, nouns, adjectives to express your FEELINGS)

(watch the rubric on the right as usual)

************************************************************************************** 21st May  2013

so, here are the two stories to read, enjoy, analyse to enrich your practical skills and experience


      The other day I happened to finish work earlier than usual.  The weather was charming, so I decided to take a walk. Passing  by one of the numerous cafes, it occurred to me  that I  could do with a cup of coffee and entered “the  Golden Bar”, just an ordinary one with not so many customers in it. Several men and women were  seated at  the  tables  having  their lunch, others were standing at the bar, drinking coffee.

        I took a seat at one of the tables and ordered coffee. It was served soon but I was in no hurry and took my time drinking it

By and by the place filled with visitors and soon almost every place was occupied.

        Presently I finished my coffee and was almost to leave the bar when it began to rain. I waited a few minutes but the rain didn’t stop. The strange part in it was that there were no clouds in the sky and yet it was raining cats and dogs.

        I could not possibly go out as I had no umbrella or water- coat with me-so I changed my mind and ordered a substantial   lunch. I noticed that many people did like me, so the waiter had plenty of work to do. The rain was falling with cruel persistence, though the sun was shining brightly. I was through with my meal, finished my cigar and yet the rain would not stop. It was beginning to get on my nerves. I saw it was no use waiting any longer, so  prepared for the worst  I went out.

        I walked a few steps in a hurry and then stopped in surprise. There was no rain .In fact there had been no rain! What did  I  see, may you ask? Just a few yards from the front door of the bar there was an elderly woman comfortably seated on a chair, holding a nose and watering the pavement in front of the bar.

      A clever dog , that barman was! 


    Once upon a sunny morning a man who sat  in  the kitchen  looked up to see a white unicorn with a  golden  horn quietly  eating the roses  in  the garden. The man went up  to the bed-room  where  his  wife  was  still asleep and woke her.

 “There’s a unicorn in the garden”, he said. “Eating roses”.

   She open one unfriendly eye and looked at him. 

 “The unicorn is a mythical beast”, she said,  and  turned  her  back at him. The man walked slowly downstairs out  into  the garden.  The unicorn was still there; he was eating slowly the tulips. ”Here,  unicorn,” said the man, pulled up a lily to him. The unicorn ate it seriously.  With great happiness   because there was a unicorn in his garden, the man went upstairs to his wife again. ”The unicorn,” he said, ate a lily.”

 His wife sat up in bed and looked at him, coldly. ”You are a booby,” she said,” and I am going to have you put in the booby-hatch”.

 The man who had never liked the word “booby”, especially on a shining morning when there was a unicorn in his garden thought  for  a  moment: ”We’ll see about that” and walked   to the garden to watch the unicorn. But the unicorn had gone away. The man sat down among the roses and went to sleep.

 As soon as the husband had gone out of the house,  the  wife  telephoned the police and the psychiatrist to hurry up and bring a strait-jacket. When they arrived, the wife said, “My husband saw a unicorn in the garden this morning. He told me it ate a lily. He told me   it had a horn in the middle of the fore-head”. The police looked at the psychiatrist and  the   psychiat-rist looked at the police. The next moment the husband came in “Well, the unicorn is a mythical beast”/ he said. The police and the psychiatrist took the wife away, all screaming to an institu-tion. The husband lived happily ever after.


31st march-1st april

 we go on practising subjunctive mood- there are tables, schemes and exercises for you to learn and improve the PATTERNS: CONDITIONAL ZERO-ONE-TWO-THREE

Zero conditional

present simple
present simple
I miss the 8 o'clock bus
I am late for work.
I am late for work
my boss gets angry.
people don't eat
they get hungry.
you heat ice
does it melt?
present simple

present simple
I am late for work
I miss the 8 o'clock bus.
My boss gets angry
I am late for work.
People get hungry
they don't eat.
Does ice melt
you heat it?


Second conditional

past simple
WOULD + base verb
I married Mary
I would be happy.
Ram became rich
she would marry him.
it snowed next July
would you be surprised?
it snowed next July
what would you do?
WOULD + base verb

past simple
I would be happy
I married Mary.
She would marry Ram
he became rich.
Would you be surprised
it snowed next July?
What would you do
it snowed next July?

Sometimes, we use should, could or might instead of would, for example: If I won a million dollars, I could stop working.

Third conditional


past perfect
WOULD HAVE + past participle
I had seen Mary
I would have told her.
Tara had been free yesterday
I would have invited her.
they had not passed their exam
their teacher would have been sad.
it had rained yesterday
would you have stayed at home?
it had rained yesterday
what would you have done?
WOULD HAVE + past participle

past perfect
I would have told Mary
I had seen her.
I would have invited Tara
she had been free yesterday.
Their teacher would have been sad
they had not passed their exam.
Would you have stayed at home
it had rained yesterday?
What would you have done
it had rained yesterday?

Subjunctive Quiz

It is essential that she (be) at the meeting.
If I (was) you I would call her tonight.
It is necessary that every student (wear)  a uniform.
I hope that he (finish) his homework on time.
The doctors recommended that she (take) a holiday.
The boss asks that you (are) early for your first day of work.
If you(were) feeling better we would go.
It is important that we (call)home as soon as we arrive.
The landlord requested that John (move)out of the apartment.
We want the windows(be) washed before Friday.

27/03/2013   here is the weather quizz for 10A formers, just to catch up with the module of the day (P.S. don't watch the answers in advance! i trust you!)

 the Internet link is: 

1. (it's) raining cats and dogs
It's raining cats and dogs, so
  1. watch out for falling animals
  2. make sure you take an umbrella
  3. keep your pets inside

more about this idiom: (it's) raining cats and dogs
2. a fair-weather friend
You'll find out who your fair-weather friends are when you get
  1. rich and famous
  2. sick and depressed
  3. married and have kids

more about this idiom: a fair-weather friend
3. a ray of sunshine
The kids in the hospital had a ray of sunshine in their lives when
  1. some famous footballers visited them
  2. they were taken to sit outside in the sun
  3. the nurses checked their blood pressure

more about this idiom: a ray of sunshine
4. have your head in the clouds
William's head is in the clouds. He needs to
  1. take better care of himself
  2. be a bit more realistic
  3. stop thinking he's better than everyone else

more about this idiom: have your head in the clouds
5. make hay while the sun shines
I'd better make hay while the sun shines and do some work on my book
  1. while I have a bit of free time
  2. despite having so much else to do
  3. even though I don't feel like writing

more about this idiom: make hay while the sun shines
6. quick as a flash | quick as a wink | quick as lightning
His boss came into the office and quick as a wink Mark hit a key on his keyboard because he
  1. wanted to show off his keyboard skills
  2. was running short of time
  3. didn't want his boss to see what he was looking at

7. snowed under
I was so snowed under today that I had to
  1. wear extra warm clothes
  2. see a doctor
  3. cancel a meeting
Начало формы

Конец формы
more about this idiom: snowed under
8. under a cloud
If someone is under a cloud, they might
  1. take an umbrella in case it rains
  2. try to prove they're innocent
  3. stop and wait until it passes
Начало формы
Конец формы
more about this idiom: under a cloud
9. under the weather
Tom's been feeling under the weather for a couple of days, so he's
  1. going to see a doctor
  2. going to see a lawyer
  3. going to see a priest
Начало формы

Конец формы
more about this idiom: under the weather
10. weather a storm
If you weather a storm, you get through something that could have
  1. helped you
  2. excited you
  3. harmed you             ANSWERS:  1b 2b 3a 4b 5a 6c 7c 8b 9a 10c
  5.                                                              ******************************                                             
Начало формы

Конец формы

We thank Ludmila Vasilievna Salamatina  for staying with us during a fortnight of her teaching activities, wishing her good luck at her final exams and diploma project. hope to see her again.

 17/03/2013 -a new presentation for you is here-"if"-real and unreal- turn to the right column

17 March -Here We Are to read the Irish Humour lines, to recognise the Irish wisdom and peculiarity


McQuillan walked into a bar and ordered martini after martini, each time removing the olives and placing them in a jar. When the jar was filled with olives and all the drinks consumed, he started to leave.

"S'cuse me," said a customer, who was puzzled over what McQuillan had done. "What was that all about?"

"Nothing," he replied, "my wife just sent me out for a jar of olives."
Like the warmth of the sun
And the light of the day,
May the luck of the Irish
shine bright on your way.

May the good saints protect you
And bless you today
And may troubles ignore you
Each step of the way

A cop pulls up Barty and Joey-Jim, both the worse for drink, and says to the first,

"What's your name and address?"

"I'm Barty O'Day, of no fixed address."

The cop turns to the second drunk, and asks the same question.

"I'm Joey-Jim O'Flaherty, and I live in the flat above Barty."
May good luck be your friend
In whatever you do
And may trouble be always
A stranger to you.


Lucky stars above you, Sunshine on your way, Many friends to love you, Joy in work and play- Laughter to outweigh each care, In your heart a song- And gladness waiting everywhere All your whole life long!
Ireland It’s the one place on earth That Heaven has kissed With melody, mirth And meadow and mist.
May the lilt of Irish laughter Lighten every load, May the mist of Irish magic Shorten every road, May you taste the sweetest pleasures That fortune ere bestowed, And may all your friends remember. All the favors you are owed.

May you always have these blessings A soft breeze when summer comes- A warm fireside in winter- And always- the warm, soft smile of a friend.
May the roads rise to meet you. May the wind be at your back. May the sun shine warm upon your face; The rain fall soft upon your fields And, until we meet again, May God hold you in the palm of His hand.
May you have all the happiness And luck that life can hold- And at the end of your rainbows May you find a pot of gold.
May your troubles be less And your blessing be more And nothing but happiness Come through your door

The Harp that once through Tara’s hills The soul of music shed, Now hangs as mute on Tara’s walls As if that soul were fled So sleep the pride of former days, So Glory’s thrill is o’er- And the hearts that once Beat high for praise Now feel that pulse no more.
Whenever there is happiness Hope you’ll be there too, Wherever there are friendly smiles Hope they’ll smile on you, Whenever there is sunshine, Hope it shine especially For you to make each day for you As bright as it can be.

these are the two videos: SCHOOLS IN BRITAIN and SPORTS IN BRITAIN


 21/11/2012 (...continued from Curiosity Shop Page)

As you might know, Th-Day in the USA is famous for its traditional elements of celebration:  a football match on TV, a lovely family reunion dinner(pumpkin pie and pudding included), th-day cards and  fancy -ball parties at schools, and... Macy Parade in New York. Still, one can hardly imagine Thanksgiving without the traditional Speech, piloted at the WHITE HOUSE (generally by US President). Here is an episode to listen to Barak Obama greeting the nation.


…. To be continued “My friends”… from the two previous pages:

“My girl friend”

First she gave up smoking
Then she gave up gin
Then she gave up chocolate cake.
She wanted to be thin.
Then she gave up breakfast
Then she gave up lunch
On lazy Sunday morning
She even gave up brunch.
No matter what she gave up,
Her skirts were very tight.
‘cause she ate twelve cans of tuna fish
For  dinner  every night.


….to be continued “My friends” …(from the previous page)

Here is a poem to master some prepositions:

Banker’s wife’s blues ( blues= sad song)
Where does John live?
He lives near the bank.
Where does he work?
He works at the bank.
When does he work?
He works all day and he works all night.
At the bank, at the bank, at the great, big bank.
Where does he study?
He studies at the bank.
Where does he sleep?
He sleeps at the bank.
Why does he spend all day,
All night, all day, all night
At the bank, at the bank?
Because he loves his bank
And he loves his money
More than his wife.


Hello, dear!
Missing your English classes while on holidays? 
Here is a set of poetry to learn some grammar 
with a pinch of salt and a spoonful   of humour.

Here we go:

Well. He eats like a pig,
He can’t get enough.
He works like a dog,
He looks real tough.
He smokes like a chimney-4 packs a day.
He sleeps like a log-what else can I say?
He drinks like a fish- scotch-on-the-rock.
When he gets real mad
He hardly talks.
He cries like a baby
When he’s feeling sad.
But he’s the dearest friend
I’ve ever had.

***P.S. …to be continued



Hi everybody,
Are you still interested in motivating your learning English? Here is an episode/ or two / just to support our actual topics: Teens and Food, Teens and Money.
Mind some useful phrases and idioms to enrich Ur vocabulary and to sound very topical ( I'd say to "show-off" with Ur English):
* you are what you eat
*skip breakfast=avoid eating early in the morning
*to become sullen and withdrawn (because of poor eating)
* an ideal body image (look like a model in a glossy magazine)
"burn calories" but- "lose weight"
a recipe of happiness in terms of healthy food ( health benefits, low in calories, sugary drinks, 
three money categories: bank account, credit card, saving up,
* to quarrel with Ur money,
* waste not, want not (proverb)
*lend/borrow money
* in for a penny, in for a pound (proverb)....
There is still so much to be learned... 
Best wishes,...


Hello  again,

Some of you admitted the other day that they find difficulty learning and recognising the meaning of such things as "ing-forms" (gerund, in particular). well, try to remember the universal notes and signs at the airport or railway station, on the bus, or in the park. They read:
* No parking!
**No smoking!
*** No crossing! 
**** No  talking (in class), stop thinking(get down to work) and suchlike.

Watch an episode from "My Best Friend's Wedding" (intro) and you'll feel the grammar patten better ( wishing and hoping, planning and dreaming...)

Wishin’’ and hopin’’ and thinkin’’ and prayin’’
Planning and dreamin’ each night of his charms.
That won’t get you into his arms
So if your’re looking for love you can share
All you gotta to is hold him’ and kiss him’ and love him’
And show him that you care.
Show him that you care’ just for him.
Do the things that he likes to do.
Wear your hair just for him’ ’cause’
You won’t get him’ thinkin’ and a prayin’’
Wishin’ and hopin’.
’Cause wishin’’ and hopin’’ and thinkin’’ and prayin’’
Planning and dreamin’ his kisses will start.
That won’t get you into his heart!
So if you’re thinking how great true love is
All you gotta to is hold him’ and kiss him’ and squeeze him’ and love him.
Yeah’ just do it!
And after you do’ you will be his.

10*  Dear friends, 

let me introduce

THE LEARNING ENGLISH VIDEO PROJECT  to you. It's a series of lovely educational episodes to master and brush up your practical skills. This one will bring you to Cambridge, and within 17 minutes you will dive into  pleasantly-sounding English. 

Foreign students who have come to Cambridge will share their impressions of an exchange programme in England.

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